Developer - Community, Linus Torvalds
Platform - Desktop
Linux is a family of thousands of operating systems based on the Linux kernel. Linux itself is not an operating system, it is a computer kernel that works at the lowest of the operating system, and provides basic hardware services. Linux is everywhere, it will be in your mobile phone, computer, home appliance, car, television etc. According to our analysis, the vast majority of Linux operating systems (or Linux distributions) are installed on server computers around the world, even more than 50% of all websites on the Internet use the Linux operating system on their computer servers.
Linux distributions are not popular among personal computers, but still it stands behind Windows and macOS.
Popular Linux operating systems (or distribution / distro)
Some of the most known in the world are:
Notable Linux features
- Multitasking: Multiple computer programs execute and run at the same time.
- Multiuser: Multiple users can use system resources at the same time.
- Multiprocessing: Support more than one CPU / processor in the system.
- Strong Security: A very safe operating system for server computers.
- Live USB / CD: Run OS from flash drive without installing it.
- Customizable: Install features according to needs.
- Graphical User Interface: Desktop-Oriented Linux Distros provide beautiful graphical environments.
- High performance: Linux is faster (and can be much faster) than Microsoft Windows.
- Virtual memory
- Hierarchical File System
- Multilingual: Use the Linux graphical environment in your native language.
- Portable: Works on various computing hardware in the same way.
- Apps: Download, install and use a wide range of apps in the Linux operating system.
- Open source: Customize the source code, and reuse it.
- Free: Almost all Linux distributions are free.
- Linux is used on the web servers and work computers of stock exchanges, government organizations, educational institutions, scientific institutions (such as space stations), supercomputers and large technical companies such as Google, Facebook, Apple.
- The name of 'Linux' is not named by Linus Torvalds.
- Linux is the largest open source software project in the world.
- The trademark 'Linux' is owned by its creator Linus Torvalds.
Available in Linux Family
Ubuntu is a free and open source Linux operating system (currently the most popular Linux distribution) installed on over 40 million personal computers, and is installed on a large number of servers around the world. At present, there are four different editions of the operating system, which are Ub...
Manjaro Linux is a free and open source Linux distribution (or operating system) designed specifically for desktop / laptop computers. Manjaro is based on Arch Linux Distribution, and uses the Arch Package Manager named 'Pacman' as its package manager system. The operating system is considered ...
Kali Linux (formerly known as BackTrack) is a free and open source Linux operating system specially designed for penetration testing (computer system security) using a wide range of available security tools. According to the Kali Linux tools directory, there are hundreds of pre-installed security to...
Fedora is a free and open source Linux operating system (or distribution) that has been developed by contributions from community members and Red Hat. Fedora was designed for personal computers and servers, and is currently available in three different editions, which are for Workstation (for person...
Linux Mint is a free and open source Linux distribution (or operating system) based on Ubuntu and Debian. The operating system is fully focused on desktop computers (instead of server), even no server version exists. Linux Mint comes with a beautiful and modern graphical user interface, which has th...
CloudReady is a Chromium OS based operating system as a service for consumers, educational institutions and enterprises. CloudReady OS can be installed on PC and Mac with the support of older hardware, makes your computer a secure, easy to manage and never slow down device. All the power of the web ...
Deepin is an free and open source Linux operating system based on Debian (stable branch). It provides a beautiful, user-friendly, safe and stable experience, with beautiful design that you can use it for work, personal use or entertainment. The graphical environment used in Deepin&nbs...
MX Linux is an free and open source Linux operating system called the midweight and simple desktop OS. It is based on Debian stable branch and is using core antiX components with more software created by the MX community. About MX Linux, The developer team and community goal is to combine ...
The elementary OS is a free and open source Linux operating system (or distribution) designed for desktop and laptop computers. It is based on Ubuntu, and the new version is released in the market after the release of the LTS version of Ubuntu. In the operating system there are features and user int...
Kubuntu is an Ubuntu-based Linux operating system currently developed and maintained by the community. It uses the same built-in system as Ubuntu, with each package in Kubuntu sharing the same repository as Ubuntu, and it is released regularly similar to Ubuntu. The main difference between them...